Post details: Glossary of Cabinet Hinge Terms

02/05/05

Permalink 02:14:51 pm, Categories: Articles, 713 words   English (US)

Glossary of Cabinet Hinge Terms


Ball Tip
An exposed tip of the pin of a butt hinge that is shaped like a ball.

Barrel
The part of butt hinge where the two halves come together and are joined with a pin.

Butt Hinge
A hinge composed of two plates attached to abutting surfaces of a door and cabinet and joined by a pin.

Clip On
A concealed hinge that allows you to attached the two parts of the hinge together by simply snapping them together. Makes finishing the doors a breeze!

Concealed Hinges
This refers to any hinge that does not show from the outside of the cabinet.

Cup
This refers to the door portion of a concealed hinge(such as the Blum hinges) that requires a hole to be drilled in the back of the door. The cup portion of the hinge is inserted into this hole.

Degree Of Opening
This refers to how far or to what angle a door will open. Some hinges will allow the doors to open farther allowing for better access to the contents of the cabinet.

270 Degree Hinge
This refer to a hinge that allows the door a full movement of 270 degees which allows it to open all the way to the outside side of the cabinet wall. This can only be achieved on a frameless full overlay cabinet design.

European Style Cabinets
Frameless cabinets which use a concealed hinge.

European Hinges
Hinges that are concealed and which use a hole bored into the back of the door.

Exposed Hinges
Hinges that show on the outside of the cabinet. Hinges that are not concealed or hidden.

Face Frame
A cabinet is in essence a box. A face frame is a narrow piece of wood, usually about 2" wide that is attached to the front of this box, framing the opening where the doors go.

Finial Tip
An exposed tip of the pin of a butt hinge that has a fancy turned shape.

Frameless
A frameless cabinet is one that does not have a face frame. A frameless cabinet is made like a simple four sided box. This is sometimes called European style.

Free Swinging
This means the hinge can move freely along its path from open to closed. There is no sort of catch feature to keep the door shut.

Fully Concealed
Will not show at all from the outside of the cabinet.

Full Overlay
In frameless cabinet construction the box is typically made from ¾" thick stock. A full overlay will cover the complete front edge or just slightly less than this stock. A full overlay hinge is typically used on the outsides or ends of a cabinet.

Half Overlay
In frameless cabinet construction the box is typically made from 3/4 inch thick stock. A half overlay is commonly used in the middle of a run of cabinets where the doors share a common single partition wall. This hinge will allow the door to cover up half of the partition wall (or approximately 3/8"). Not to be confused with 1/2 inch overlay which will allow a door to cover up the cabinet or face frame by 1/2 inch.

Inset
A door that sits within the cabinet opening such that the front face of the door is flush with the front of the cabinet or face frame.

3/8 inch Inset
This is a door that has a 3/8" x 3/8" rabbet cut all the way around the door on the back edge. This cut allows half the thickness of the door to go back into the cabinet and leaves the front half of the door overlaying the cabinet or face frame. It is also sometimes called a lipped door.

Knife Hinge
Shaped like scissors. One half of hinge mounts to top edge (or bottom edge) of door. Oher half mounts to horizontal cabinet member directly above (and below) door.

Lipped
This is a door that has a rabbet cut all the way around the door on the back edge. This cut allows part of the door to go back into the cabinet and leaves the remaining part overlaying the cabinet or face frame.

Mounting Plate
The part of a concealed european style hinge (such as a Blum hinge) that mounts on to the cabinet or face frame.

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